About theater design issues
Release Date:2014-07-07 14:52:15 Click rate:Modern theater architectural design concept
With the development of economic construction, cultural undertakings across the vigorous growth, and therefore have the project throughout the construction of cultural buildings, cultural buildings is clearly different from those of the 1950s and 1960s type.
At that time the main need is to adapt the public eagerly popular culture, but because of lack of financial resources, so a lot of ground to build a lot of movie performances mainly take into account other multifunctional theater performances. These cultures and the current building, is the city's landmark buildings, which can improve the image of the city. So, technically or in terms of building architecture should be "fine." While the spiritual and cultural construction and the cultural status is a window with oriented. So this kind of building should be to fill the gap existing cultural buildings, and the type of construction should not duplicate existing cultural buildings - the type of multi-purpose theater. Now all such cultural buildings, should be able to promote an advanced, high-level cultural venues. Its function should be adaptable, modern and perfect. It should be a "concert hall - Theatre" type of art galleries.
Diversity is a major feature of contemporary society. Reflected in the spiritual and cultural construction and public awareness on cultural and recreational needs are diverse. Since the reform and opening up, China's rapid economic development, people's living standards improved rapidly. But affluence has great difference, the difference between cultural quality and accomplishment is even greater. Therefore, the performance in the cultural life of the colorful diversity of miscellaneous presented; Whether elegant, traditional, popular, popular, Western nation - the various forms of culture and art enthusiasts have the majority. In order to adapt to the needs of the public, since the 1980s the construction of many cultures around the building, providing a view of play spaces; construction of a concert hall, dance theater, theater, Theatre and so on. Was often performed popular music in the gym now have their own venues - pop music concert hall.
Pluralistic character is reflected in the relationship between the stage and the auditorium, which is the relationship between the actors and the audience is versatile. Venues to be able to adapt to the characteristics of opera performances, the show can really play features and effects. Therefore, there should be adapted to different operas which features the venues, but the extent of financial and public favorite, but also impossible to make all kinds of genres have their own professional theater performances.
1950s and 1960s, due to lack of financial resources, technology behind the theater, do not ask the public to appreciate the arts and other reasons, then the multi-purpose theater building, basically meet the requirements. Today, economic development, public appreciation and awareness of the performance requirements, frequent international cultural exchanges, urban construction needs, to the mid-1980s and built a multi-purpose theater group has a better type of modern theater technology equipment cultural buildings, which is also part of professional wide screen surround sound cinema.
Late 1990s, a large performing arts building construction, public appreciation of a variety of increasingly high performance, but also the supply and demand changes in the performing arts building, which used selectively and in Performance, versatility past that simple theater-type venues, has been unable to meet the modern concept of play for the demanding requirements of space and the environment.
Major breakthrough in the development of modern science and technology, in order to adapt to a variety of theater performances offers the possibility of conditions. Room acoustics (sound design) using the theory become necessary to design the theater; acoustic structure (acoustic reflector plate, adjustable reverberation facilities); fidelity sound system and other modern acoustic technology has been more universally adopted.
Pre-design and process control use of stage lighting, stage lighting makes it an important factor in the theater for the performing engineering services; horizontal and vertical stage machinery and equipment commonly used in mobile devices and improving.
These inventions and technological innovations theater for theater offers excellent conditions.
The use of modern science and technology for theater design ideas gradually formed, and has increasingly shown its vitality. As new, to adapt to different requirements drama theater development foundation. Almost all the contemporary theater has adaptive facilities, such as the activities of the Taiwan population is one of the most easily adaptable facilities that can accommodate different sizes of the scene show. Orchestra pit lift is also common adaptability facilities, it can be very simple to perform a variety of ways to meet the requirements.
In the past the so-called multi-purpose theater, is believed to be able to accommodate a variety of content for theatrical performances and other activities such as: movies, conferences, symphony, opera and pop dance music and more. So many functions rolled into one, would have a visual, auditory, stage performances and so many flaws conditions.
The type of popular music and a large party of theatrical performances, has been a modern multi-purpose "stadium" achieved.
Digital surround sound recording widescreen cinema screening criteria were very strict, based on the experience of foreign and domestic related "Regulations" requirement: it can not exceed the capacity of 800, the volume should not be more than 5000 cubic meters, the size of the screen aspect has certain limitations, slide projection angle also has strict requirements. Reverberation time should be less than 1.0 seconds. Preferably about 0.8 seconds, to have "infinite baffle" setting the screen; should not have floor hall, each row of seats is raised (C value) of at least 12cm, and so on. So modern cinema must be professional.
Modern theater is mainly used for opera, ballet, drama, music and other performing arts performances. Such multi-purpose theater, has been abandoned and watch performances by those contradictory features, better adapted to the performance requirements of the performing arts. Adaptive features modern new multifunctional theater, in essence, is produced in the technical aspects of the project rather than in the design of the building, which is the use of modern engineering tools and computer controlled, so that some parts of the performing arts theater performances based on the requirements, adjust and adapt to changes, such as the traditional box frame proscenium stage theater, because it has a tall box-stage and asked to play the station under another boom, scenery, lighting and other equipment, this situation music, the sound energy is absorbed by the large stage space, heard another good player, easy to act in harmony, for playing negative.
If the design of the theater to modern acoustic theory to guide the use of modern theater engineering techniques, and computer-controlled electromechanical adjustment and changes in certain parts of the theater, music can be compatible functions. For example:
1, the frame on the stage inside the station by installing movable acoustic or acoustic reflex reflector plate, making it suitable for music performances; also can put down the fire curtain, orchestra pit rises, adjust the position of the activities proscenium, so proscenium region can adapt to playing music, such as the Hong Kong Academy for Performing Arts Theatre is the case approach.
2, improved design "proscenium area" ("proscenium area" refers to the spatial composition of the frame proscenium proscenium, Taiwan lip and orchestra parts, including its various interfaces of sizes, shapes and materials) to make suitable opera performances. And is a continuation of the proscenium sound reflector to achieve formal concert hall standards, especially lateral reflection of sound. While this regulation as well as the layout of the ear speaker slot position surface light PA system, in order to meet the requirements for the performance of services.
3, the design conscious arrangement of adjustable space and acoustic reverberation time in the space component of the auditorium, hall reverberation time can be adjusted to suit different acoustical performance requirements.
4, due to the modern sound equipment and system design technology has developed rapidly, a high level, you can get a good resolution in the longer reverberation time environment, so these can be adapted to the audience hall meeting functional requirements.
Above this adaptation of music, theater and musical theater performances and meetings, is "Music Hall - theater."
As traditional, classical music for our public, being as good as the West favorite, but the current financial resources are limited, so in addition to some of the people of Western music in particular by the local favorite cities, but in general the city did not seem to be so urgent require professional concert halls, symphony concerts held in the theater can meet the requirements. Before the 19th century, the concert of Europe, are often held in the Opera House in; this situation is quite popular in the United States, Chicago auditorium theater (Chicago Auditorium-Theater) 1898 completed by Adler (Adller) and Sullivan (Sullivan) Architects design, which first appeared in the United States, "concert hall - Theatre" multi-purpose theater, in addition to music mode somewhat less, the performance effects of other performing arts excellence. This adaptability of theater in the United States has developed over a hundred years. And theater is a modern multifunctional has undergone four stages of development, (60 years; 60-70 years; 70-80 years; 4th generation based theater California Orange Performing Arts Center (1986 built a capacity of 2906 Block) can be represented. acoustic consultant is found lateral reflections of sound principles and famous scientist Dr Marshall, architect Lawrence.
Marshall creatively solve the contradiction between large capacity and lateral reflections, and presented with two "shoebox" type of space at an angle cross superimposed together in space, but instead four alternate elevated auditorium , the use of which four of the auditorium as the main measures to control the blocking plate lateral reflections and reverb can be adjusted using the space and shutter, the sound quality is very good. This according to the form of acoustic principles boldly explore the auditorium has been a great success. Acoustic theory also explains the architectural design in modern theater and the importance of precedent. This kind of method to adjust the variable space reverberation method auditorium built in 1998, designed by IM Pei, acoustical consultant Johnson, Dallas concert hall that is based on the theory of modern acoustic treatment using this method, it reverberation time may be between 1.3 to 3 seconds adjusted to meet a variety of musical performances, in essence, the venue is also adaptable multifunctional. Now some European cities, there have been many "concert hall - Theatre", in order to adapt to local economic conditions and public needs.
So versatile features of modern theater building but the trend and the market economy, namely the theater building as a cultural industry is a commodity, a product must be adapted to some different consumer objects.
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